This year is the first year of the 14th five year plan, and it is also a year to promote carbon peaking and carbon neutralization in depth. Over the past year, achieving carbon peak and carbon neutralization has become the consensus of the whole society, and has been transformed from consensus into action.
Gradually improve top-level design and promote green and low-carbon transformation
Strive to achieve carbon peak by 2030 and carbon neutralization by 2060. China has issued a series of relevant policies, planning and management documents at the national and local levels. The top-level design and progress of China's carbon peak and carbon neutralization in 2021 are reviewed. The documents are in full swing, which has effectively promoted the comprehensive green transformation of China's economic and social development.
The reporter of China economic times combed this year's policy documents on carbon neutralization and found that there are many highlights in the content, and the road of carbon neutralization has taken a solid step. Establish and improve the economic system of green and low-carbon circular development, ensure the realization of the goal of carbon peak and carbon neutralization, and promote China's green development to a new level; Do a solid job in carbon peak and carbon neutralization. Formulate an action plan for peaking carbon emissions by 2030. Optimize the industrial structure and energy structure; Improve the carbon emission trading mechanism and explore the pilot of carbon sink equity trading; Closely follow the goal decomposition task, strengthen the top-level design, guide and urge local governments, key fields, industries and enterprises to scientifically set goals and formulate action plans; Accelerate the construction of a national trading market for energy use rights and carbon emission rights; Clarify the road map and construction drawing of carbon peak and carbon neutralization; Focus on the implementation of "top ten carbon peak actions" such as green and low-carbon transformation action, carbon peak action in industrial field, carbon peak action in urban and rural construction, green and low-carbon action in transportation, etc.
In addition to the national government level, the "bottom-up" carbon neutralization action from local governments has become a common practice.
Properly handle the relationship between development and emission reduction, short-term and medium and long-term
Referring to China's guiding policy on carbon neutralization from the top-level design, Zhang likuan, a researcher of the energy information research center, told the China economic times that he was the most impressed and far-reaching The most authoritative ones are the opinions of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on completely, accurately and comprehensively implementing the new development concept and doing a good job in carbon peak and carbon neutralization (hereinafter referred to as the opinions) and the spirit of the central economic work conference. He believes that as an important programmatic document guiding China to achieve the double carbon goal in the future, the opinions will be "complete", "accurate" and "comprehensive" The three key words are placed in the titles of the documents of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, which deeply shows that the CPC Central Committee and the State Council adhere to the concept of system and deal with the relationship between development and emission reduction, overall and local, short-term and medium and long-term. We will integrate carbon peaking and carbon neutralization into the overall situation of economic and social development, take the comprehensive green transformation of economic and social development as the guide, and take the green and low-carbon development of energy as the key, accelerate the formation of an industrial structure, production mode, lifestyle and spatial pattern that saves resources and protects the environment, firmly stick to the high-quality development path of ecological priority, green and low-carbon, and ensure the realization of carbon peaking Requirements for carbon neutralization.
The central economic work conference pointed out that it is necessary to correctly understand and grasp the carbon peak and carbon neutralization. Realizing carbon peak and carbon neutralization is the internal requirement of promoting high-quality development. We should unswervingly promote it, but it is impossible to accomplish its work in one battle. Based on the basic national conditions of coal, we should pay attention to the clean and efficient utilization of coal, increase the consumption capacity of new energy, and promote the optimal combination of coal and new energy. It is necessary to conduct scientific assessment, exclude the new renewable energy and raw material energy from the total energy consumption control, and create conditions to realize the transformation from "double control" of energy consumption to "double control" of total carbon emission and intensity as soon as possible.
Zhang likuan believes that this is an important guiding spirit issued at the central level in a relatively short time after the opinions. It has important guiding significance for the sustained, healthy and stable development of China's economy and society under the double carbon goal in the future. The establishment of a scientific assessment mechanism is conducive to the balance between overall development and carbon reduction, to grasp the process of carbon control and reduction, and to enterprise burden reduction and local development.
In response to the meeting's proposal that "the gradual withdrawal of traditional energy should be based on the safe and reliable substitution of new energy", Zhang likuan said that China's basic national conditions dominated by coal will not change in the short term, so it is necessary to optimize the combination and complementary advantages of coal and new energy while paying attention to the clean and efficient utilization of coal.
In addition, in response to the decision of the executive meeting of the State Council on November 17 to set up another 200 billion yuan of special refinancing to support clean and efficient utilization of coal on the basis of the early establishment of financial support tools for carbon emission reduction, so as to promote green and low-carbon development, Zhang likuan said, "This fully reflects the country's strong determination and firm will to make clean and efficient use of coal. It is also a concrete embodiment of the country's taking coal as the basic energy and the main energy and giving full play to its role as a comprehensive guarantee of energy."