Carbon neutralization is integrated into the overall layout of ecological civilization construction. The construction of ecological civilization is not only the internal requirement for China to achieve high-quality development, but also the only way to achieve national rejuvenation. The key to bringing carbon peak and carbon neutralization into the overall layout of ecological civilization construction is to fight the hard battle of realizing carbon peak and carbon neutralization.
Fight the overall requirements of the hard battle to achieve carbon peak and carbon neutralization. To fight the hard battle of carbon peak and carbon neutralization, we need to strengthen the overall awareness and systematic thinking, grasp the overall requirements, and take carbon peak and carbon neutralization as an important starting point and symbol to promote high-quality development and improve the construction level of ecological civilization.
First, highlight the system planning. We should take the "double carbon" goal and its constraints and opportunities as an important premise and basis for the construction of ecological civilization. On the one hand, strengthen and highlight the role of carbon peak carbon neutralization in the construction of ecological civilization, and integrate the concepts of carbon reduction, carbon reduction, decarbonization and low-carbon, zero carbon and negative carbon into all aspects of the construction of ecological civilization. On the other hand, under the constraints of the goal of carbon peak and carbon neutralization, coordinate the macro strategies, planning policies and action plans of different industries, different levels and different regions, and promote the construction of an all-round, all region and all process timetable, road map and construction map. In addition, it is particularly important to take carbon peak and carbon neutralization as a major opportunity to plan and promote the green rise and leapfrog development of the region.
Secondly, highlight collaborative promotion. As the core task of the comprehensive green transformation of economy and society, the key to "double carbon" work is to highlight collaborative promotion. On the one hand, highlight the role of carbon reduction as source governance, process optimization and result constraints, and take carbon peaking and carbon neutralization as the key move and core content of improving and improving ecological environment quality, comprehensive green transformation of economy and society, seizing the opportunity of green development, building a new development pattern and realizing high-quality development. On the other hand, fully connect the carbon peak carbon neutralization with the system layout, hierarchical layout, spatial layout, task layout and stage layout of ecological civilization construction, and promote the formation of an action system of integrated promotion and coordinated implementation of different fields, industries, departments, levels and regions. In addition, we will coordinate the overall domestic and international situation and promote the construction of a beautiful China and a community of life on earth.
Thirdly, highlight the overall improvement. Bringing carbon peaking and carbon neutralization into the overall layout of ecological civilization construction is the focus and force point to achieve multi-objective and win-win economic and social development. First, comprehensively consider the relationship between carbon peak and carbon neutralization, recognize that carbon neutralization is the ultimate goal, and carbon peak must be consistent with the final goal planning. We should not climb the peak blindly, but pave the way for the realization of carbon neutralization. Second, comprehensively consider the relationship between eco-environmental protection and climate change, and recognize that promoting carbon peaking and carbon neutralization is the core and key to the construction of ecological civilization in the new era, and the overall improvement of ecological civilization is the fundamental guarantee and final direction of promoting carbon peaking and carbon neutralization.
Accurate cognition is needed to fight the hard battle of carbon peak and carbon neutralization. The 14th Five Year Plan period is a key period to realize the improvement of ecological environment quality from quantitative change to qualitative change. At present, our recognition and knowledge of carbon peak and carbon neutralization are still inaccurate and not in place, and relevant systems, systems and mechanisms are still being promoted and explored. The implementation of this deployment still faces great challenges. Therefore, we need to accurately understand the system concept and overall thinking.
First, accurately understand the connotation of the "double carbon" leadership responsibility system. Carbon peaking and carbon neutralization is a long-term strategy for China to implement low-carbon, green, energy conservation and emission reduction. We need to clearly understand the "double carbon" leadership responsibility system of top-down, overall coordination and goal responsibility assessment. On the one hand, an all-round, all region and all process responsibility distribution system will be formed from the central government to provinces, cities, counties, towns and villages, from ecological environment protection to economic and social development, and from the government to the market and the public. On the other hand, according to the roadmap of China's carbon peak and carbon neutralization schedule, the requirements of "double carbon" should be refined and implemented to all fields, departments, subjects and levels, and the problem of "what to do" should be solved. In addition, establish and improve the leadership and promotion mechanism of coordinated promotion and joint management in various fields, departments, subjects and levels under the unified leadership of the state, strengthen the supervision and assessment mechanism, and solve the problem of "how to grasp".
The second is to accurately recognize the "double carbon" policy system under the systematization. To promote the construction of high-level ecological civilization, we must constantly improve the systematic "double carbon" policy system and form support with fine and accurate scientific methods. From the macro level, we will accelerate the work of climate legislation, build a systematic policy system and solve the problem of "evidence-based" around the structural adjustment of energy, industry, transportation, land use and scientific and technological innovation. From the meso level, fully summarize the experience of ecological civilization construction since the 18th CPC National Congress, accelerate the formation of "1 + n" policy system and collaborative governance system, implement the specific measures of "double carbon" layout in all relevant fields, compact the responsibilities of all subjects, and solve the problem of "there is a way to go". From the micro level, highlight and strengthen the layout of "double carbon" funds and technology in the construction of ecological civilization, accelerate the establishment of carbon accounting system and technical support system in various industries, fields, localities and the whole life cycle, accelerate the innovation of industrial technology and management technology, and solve the problem of "availability".
Third, accurate cognition, synchronous and coordinated "double carbon" action system. Under the guidance of the "double carbon" goal, China's development mode and economic structure are undergoing strategic changes, which requires the concerted efforts of all sectors and departments, the resonance of all subjects at all levels and the synchronous coordination of various policies. Therefore, we should not only strengthen the overall integration and efficient coordination between the "double carbon" work and the construction of ecological civilization from the aspects of strategic planning, policies and regulations, institutional system, pilot demonstration and international cooperation, but also promote functional coordination, work coordination and mechanism coordination, and speed up the completion of shortcomings in awareness level, policy tools, means and measures, basic capacity, etc. At the same time, adhere to common but differentiated responsibilities, comprehensively consider the strategic positioning, development level and responsibilities, potentials and capabilities of various regions, industries and fields to control carbon emissions, make overall arrangements and echelons to achieve the objectives and tasks of "double carbon", and coordinate the rights, responsibilities and obligations of various stakeholders. In addition, strengthen policy coordination, do a good job in the connection and coordination of departmental and regional river basin supporting laws, regulations and policies, promote the echo of green ecology with production and life, promote the strengthening of regional river basin cooperation, promote the link between green responsibility and economic interests, and mobilize the participation of the whole society.
Fourth, accurately understand the "double carbon" scientific and technological innovation system under the whole chain. Scientific and technological innovation plays a fundamental strategic supporting role in the construction of ecological civilization. It is necessary to establish and improve a scientific and technological innovation system supported by standards, driven by demand and under the whole chain. First, around the basic requirements of measurability, reportability and verifiability, innovate the system, strengthen the research on "double carbon" accounting technology methods and accounting standards, and accelerate the establishment and improvement of "double carbon" standard specification system and monitoring and evaluation system. Secondly, it focuses on the scientific and technological innovation system that reveals the structural characteristics, process laws and path mechanisms of carbon neutralization. Focus on energy revolution, industrial transformation and technological upgrading, and highlight original, breakthrough, subversive and leading innovation. We will strengthen research on new energy, new materials and key core technologies of carbon neutralization, strengthen the deep integration of industry, University, research and application, and provide scientific research for cultivating strategic emerging industries and growth points, helping high-quality development, meeting the people's needs for a better life and building a scientific and technological power.