Event: on September 15, the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of ecological environment issued the notice on printing and distributing the action plan for plastic pollution control in the 14th five year plan.
The action plan for plastic pollution control in the 14th five year plan was issued, emphasizing the reduction of plastic sources, standardizing the collection, transportation and disposal system, and clarifying the subject of responsibility. The main tasks of this action plan are as follows: 1) actively promote the source reduction of plastic production and use, including promoting the green design of plastic products, continuously promoting the reduction of the use of disposable plastic products, implementing relevant national prohibitions and restrictions on the sale and use of some plastic products, and scientifically promoting plastic alternative products, Strengthen the research of degradable plastic products and the application standards of biodegradable plastics; 2) Accelerate the standardized recycling, transportation, utilization and disposal of plastic waste, and establish and improve the collection, transportation and disposal system of plastic waste in rural areas. Increase the recycling of plastic waste and improve the harmless disposal level of plastic waste; 3) Vigorously carry out the cleaning and remediation of plastic waste in key areas, and strengthen the cleaning and remediation of plastic waste in rivers, lakes and seas, scenic spots and rural areas. In this action plan, the division of tasks and responsibilities will be detailed to each department, the local, departmental and corporate responsibilities will be compacted, and the whole chain treatment system of plastic pollution will be improved.
Strengthen the recycling of waste plastics, and clearly encourage the same level and high value-added utilization of waste plastics. In January 2020, the opinions on further strengthening plastic pollution control issued by the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of ecological environment proposed to promote the resource utilization of plastic waste and improve the resource utilization level. On the basis of the above, the action plan further proposes to support the construction of plastic waste recycling projects, strengthen the environmental supervision and remediation of plastic waste recycling enterprises, improve the relevant standards of recycled plastics, accelerate the promotion and application of advanced applicable technology and equipment for waste plastic recycling, and encourage the same-level and high Value-added Utilization of plastic waste. By benchmarking overseas, it can be found that the European Union, the United States and other regions have issued relevant regulations to specify the minimum use proportion and corresponding realization life of recycled plastics to be added to disposable beverage containers with pet as the main component. We believe that the demand for peer-to-peer and high value-added utilization of this kind of "bottle to bottle" will expand rapidly in the future, So as to open up a broad market space for the recycling of waste plastics.
All biodegradable plastics may be an important means of sustainable development, and the application standard is still in the discussion stage. The opinions on further strengthening plastic pollution control once proposed to promote the use of degradable shopping bags, packaging films (bags) and other alternative products, but this action plan proposed the need to promote plastic alternative products scientifically and steadily, made it clear that the full life cycle resource and environmental impact of degradable plastic products should be fully considered, and the degradation mechanism and impact of different types of degradable plastics should be studied, Scientifically evaluate the environmental safety and controllability of degradable plastics, issue biodegradable plastics standards, standardize application fields, degradation conditions and disposal methods, and prevent blind expansion of production capacity. From an overseas perspective, the EU disposable plastics directive points out that for the prohibition of oxidative degradable plastics in the marine environment, biodegradable plastics are still regarded as disposable plastic products. Considering the large-scale application varieties of biodegradable plastics, they have not been fully proved to be degradable in a short time, and their biodegradability in the marine environment needs to be further evaluated. We believe that all biodegradable plastics will still or become an important means of sustainable development of plastics in the future, but at present, the application scenarios, degradation means and evaluation standards are still in the research stage, and the industry is expected to develop orderly under policy supervision.
Plastic restriction order &; Carbon neutralization opens the blue ocean market of waste plastics recycling, and the minimum content of recycled materials accounts for the demand. 1) In 2019, the global recycling rate of waste plastics is about 35%, which has great room for improvement. 2) The prohibition order drives the reform of the global supply chain and transfers to the Southeast Asian market. 3) Compared with the original plastic, the carbon of recycled plastic is reduced by 30% ~ 80%. 4) The minimum content standard of recycled PET ensures the rigid demand. California of the United States stipulates that the content of recycled plastics in PET bottles will be 15% from 2022. The European Union specifies that the proportion of recycled plastics in PET containers will not be less than 25% by 2025 and 30% by 2030. Major enterprises make voluntary commitments. Key recommendation: [industrial regeneration] whole industry chain linkage &; Layout at home and abroad, technical advantages, cost reduction and efficiency increase, and new production capacity put into operation &; The utilization rate can be improved and the space can be expected; It is suggested to pay attention to: [Sanlian HONGPU] the pioneer of recycled polyester solution, and Lyocell fiber contributes to new growth.