Beijing business daily (reporter Zhao Yuwei and Lin Yuwei) on September 2, the State Administration of market supervision (hereinafter referred to as the State Administration of market supervision) formulated and issued a new national standard on limiting excessive packaging of goods and requiring food and cosmetics. The new standard will be officially implemented on September 1, 2023. Food and its processed products in food shall not exceed three layers of packaging, and other food and cosmetics shall not exceed four layers of packaging.
In order to solve the problem of excessive packaging of food and cosmetics, the State Administration of market supervision (Standards Committee) in conjunction with the Ministry of industry and information technology and other departments, organized relevant standardization technical committees and technical institutions to revise the 2009 version of the standard, and formulated and issued a new national standard food and cosmetics with restrictions on excessive packaging of commodities.
The new standard specifies the requirements for packaging porosity, number of packaging layers and packaging cost, as well as the corresponding calculation, detection and judgment methods. The specific contents include: standardizing the packaging requirements of 31 categories of food and 16 categories of cosmetics; It greatly simplifies the judgment method of over packaging of goods. Consumers only need to check the weight or volume of the goods themselves and measure the volume of the outermost packaging. Through calculation, they can preliminarily judge whether there is over packaging of goods; The number of packaging layers is strictly limited. The food and its processed products in food shall not exceed three layers of packaging, and other food and cosmetics shall not exceed four layers of packaging.
"The new standard will be officially implemented on September 1, 2023, setting a two-year transition period for enterprises and the market. In the next step, the State Administration of market supervision will work with relevant departments to strengthen supervision and law enforcement, and urge food and cosmetics manufacturers to start standard compliance diagnosis and product packaging compliance design as soon as possible." said Chen Hongjun, deputy director of the standard Technology Department of the State Administration of market supervision.
For the reasons for setting a two-year transition period, Chen Hongjun explained: "Food and cosmetics manufacturers need to carry out compliance design for product packaging according to the requirements of the new standards. At the same time, they need to consume inventory packaging and goods for sale, especially cosmetics, which have a long shelf life and a relatively long consumption cycle in circulation. In order to avoid affecting production and business activities and generating new waste, they are widely soliciting relevant industrial departments and banks Based on the opinions of industry associations and enterprises, a two-year implementation transition period has been set. "
In addition, Chen Hongjun said that during this period, food and cosmetics enterprises need to carry out standard publicity and implementation training in the enterprise, so that design, R & D and production personnel can better understand the standard technical content, carry out compliance design for product packaging according to the standard requirements, and put it into use as soon as possible; they also need to speed up the consumption of inventory packaging and goods that have entered the market to ensure the standard The products produced and sold after implementation meet the new standards.
Chen Hongjun said: "commodity packaging can protect commodities, beautify products, guide consumption and improve the added value of commodities. At present, some food and cosmetics enterprises in the market still have excessive packaging, non environmental protection and non conservation, which is manifested in too many packaging layers, too large void ratio and too high cost, which exceeds the basic function of packaging itself."
According to research, China's packaging waste accounts for about 30% to 40% of municipal solid waste. Most of these packaging wastes are produced by excessive packaging.