In 2022, the Japanese government's science and technology policy will focus on strengthening the response to climate change and promoting vaccine research. At the same time, Japan has also formulated relevant laws to promote the recycling of plastic resources.
In February, the Japanese government finalized the amendment to the Law on the Promotion of Global Warming Countermeasures through the cabinet meeting, which is mainly aimed at promoting local governments and enterprises to increase investment, and helping to achieve the two major goals of "emission reduction" and "zero emission" proposed by the government - reducing carbon emissions by 46% in 2030 compared with 2013 and achieving zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, so as to achieve "carbon neutrality" to fully realize a decarbonized society.
The Japanese government has promised to invest US $2 billion in vaccine research to ensure that Japan can better cope with possible future outbreaks. In March, the Japanese government established the "Strategic Center for Research and Development of Advanced Biomedical Vaccines". The center will first invest in the vaccine research of eight pathogens, including coronavirus, monkeypox, dengue fever and Zika virus, and use a series of vaccine delivery technologies, such as messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA), virus vector and recombinant protein technology. Its goal is to develop diagnosis, treatment methods and vaccines on a large scale within 100 days after the discovery of pathogens with pandemic potential. The center approved the first two projects, one of which is to develop a universal coronavirus vaccine and a vaccine against severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) related coronavirus; Another project will create a fast track system for evaluating candidate vaccines.
The cabinet meeting of the Japanese government decided that, in order to achieve the goal of reducing plastic products, according to the newly formulated Law on Promoting the Recycling of Plastic Resources, the government officially issued a decree stipulating that businesses have the obligation to take effective measures to reduce the use of 12 kinds of disposable plastic products. The Law on Promoting the Recycling of Plastic Resources was officially implemented on April 1.
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