Today, global sustainable development is at a new and important juncture. In the past 20 years, the development concept of plastic prohibition and limitation has been widely spread all over the world. As a big country in plastic production and consumption, China promulgated the law of the people's Republic of China on the prevention and control of solid waste pollution as early as 1995. Since then, from the "plastic ban order" and "plastic restriction order" to the promulgation of the action plan for plastic pollution control in the 14th five year plan, all reflect China's attention to plastic pollution control.
In addition to China, countries around the world have also made some progress in achieving the sustainable development goals. For example, recently, France passed the anti pollution and circular economy act in response to the sustainable development goal of reducing disposable plastic pollution, which means that the "plastic restriction order" has been upgraded again.
01 "plastic restriction order" upgraded again
The new French law puts forward quantitative objectives for banning the use of disposable plastic products and reducing plastic pollution, and makes a new plan for the total prohibition of disposable plastic products: by 2021, France will completely prohibit the use of disposable plastic packaging, realize the recycling of 100% plastic materials by 2025, and reduce the sales of disposable plastic bottles by 50% by 2030.
In addition, France pursues the "polluter pays" principle. What is "polluter pays"? Literally, it means whoever pollutes is responsible. The French government requires enterprises to provide funds to deal with the waste generated in the production process. From 2022, the "polluter pays" principle will be further extended to industries such as building materials, decoration, sports and leisure products and toy production. At present, 15 industries in France have joined the principle.
02 prohibition concept of "plastic restriction order"
France has introduced a law since 2018 requiring all cosmetics containing plastic particles to be taken off the shelves. In 2020, the sale of household plastic cotton swabs and disposable plastic tableware will also be banned. Today, the upgrading of the "plastic restriction order" means that enterprises will usher in strict control.
The new regulations require enterprises to indicate whether the products can be repaired and other relevant information in the production process.
The use of non biodegradable plastic tea bags and herbal tea bags will be banned from 2022, and plastic packaging will no longer be allowed for unprocessed fresh fruits and vegetables on display.
It is expected that from 2023, fast food restaurants will be banned from providing plastic packaging and disposable tableware for Hall diners, diners are encouraged to bring their own tableware, and shopping tickets will no longer be printed.
By 2025, plastic food containers for cooking, heating and delivery will be banned in collective catering services in schools, trusteeship institutions, pediatrics, obstetrics and Gynecology, local delivery rooms and other service institutions.