On December 3, the Ministry of industry and information technology issued the 14th five year plan for industrial green development (hereinafter referred to as the plan), which made China another child in achieving the goal of carbon peak.
The plan proposes that by 2025, China's industrial structure and production mode will achieve remarkable results in green and low-carbon transformation, green and low-carbon technology and equipment will be widely used, energy and resource utilization efficiency will be greatly improved, and the level of green manufacturing will be comprehensively improved, laying a solid foundation for reaching the carbon peak in the industrial field by 2030.
In terms of specific tasks, carbon emission intensity continued to decline, carbon dioxide emission per unit of industrial added value decreased by 18%, and phased achievements were made in the total carbon emission control of key industries such as iron and steel, non-ferrous metals and building materials; The emission intensity of major pollutants in key industries was reduced by 10%; Energy consumption per unit of added value of industries above designated size decreased by 13.5%; The comprehensive utilization rate of bulk industrial solid waste reached 57%, the recycling amount of main renewable resources reached 480 million tons, and the water consumption per unit of industrial added value decreased by 16%; The output value of green environmental protection industry reached 11 trillion yuan, and the green manufacturing system in key industries and key regions was basically completed.
Huang Libin, director of the Department of energy conservation and comprehensive utilization of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said that the overall work arrangement was made according to "focusing on one action, building two systems, promoting six transformations and implementing eight projects".
Qi Hailu, President of Beijing Teyi sunshine new energy, told the Huaxia times: "the plan has made specific requirements for carbon emission indicators, pollutant emissions, energy and resource utilization efficiency of many industries, and implemented the national '1 + n' development concept."
With the issuance of the plan, the market reacted strongly. As of the closing on December 3, affected by this, the power sector increased by 3.22%, including GCL energy technology, Huaneng International, solar energy, Shanghai power, Funeng, Zhongmin energy and Guangdong power a, and Jidian, Huadian and Wenshan power increased by more than 6%.
Promote the carbon peak of key industries
Industry is one of the main areas of carbon emission, and the industrial field is the key to achieve the goal of carbon peak and carbon neutralization.
Previously, the "carbon peak action plan before 2030" issued by the State Council listed the "carbon peak action in the industrial field" as one of the "ten carbon peak actions", requiring the industrial field to accelerate the green and low-carbon transformation and high-quality development, and strive to take the lead in realizing the carbon peak.
For the carbon peak action in the industrial field, Huang Libin said at the press conference that the Ministry of industry and information technology has jointly prepared and completed the carbon peak implementation plan for key industries in the industrial field such as iron and steel, non-ferrous metals, petrochemical and chemical industry and building materials, which will be released in succession according to unified requirements and processes.
It is worth noting that the building materials industry, a major carbon emitter that has been "neglected", has formulated a specific action plan for "promotion of green and low-carbon materials".
In the previous action plan for carbon peak before 2030 (hereinafter referred to as the plan), green building materials products have also received attention. According to the plan, accelerate the certification and application promotion of green building materials, and strengthen the R & D and application of new cementitious materials, low-carbon concrete, wood and bamboo building materials and other low-carbon building materials.
The plan shows that it will formulate the road map of industrial carbon peak in the building materials industry and the implementation path of industrial carbon reduction, develop green and low-carbon materials and promote carbon reduction in the whole life cycle of products. Green building materials and daily necessities such as low-carbon gelling, energy-saving doors and windows, environmental protection coatings and all aluminum furniture will be promoted, and bio based materials such as polylactic acid, polybutylene succinate, Polyhydroxyalkanoic acid, polyorganic acid composites and coconut acyl amino acids will be developed.
In terms of cleaner production transformation project, the plan points out that the "integrated" process technology and complete equipment transformation of desulfurization, denitration and dust removal in cement industry, furnace flue gas dust removal, desulfurization and denitration in glass industry and waste heat utilization (power generation) will be implemented.
So why is the building materials industry mentioned many times? "The construction industry has always been synonymous with high energy consumption industry, and the reduction of energy consumption standards is related to the well-being of people's happy life," Qi Haili pointed out.
According to the Research Report on China's building energy consumption (2020) released by China Building Energy Conservation Association in April, the total carbon emission in the whole life cycle of buildings in 2018 was 4.93 billion tons, accounting for 51% of the total carbon emission in China. Among them, the carbon emissions of building materials production stage and construction operation stage account for 55.2% and 42.8% of the total respectively, and 28.3% and 21.9% of the total national carbon emissions.
Not only in specific actions, promoting digital technology to enable industrial green and low-carbon transformation is the key.
Wang Xiaoyang, deputy director of the energy conservation and Comprehensive Utilization Department of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said that the Ministry of industry and information technology will promote the transformation of the new advantages of the digital economy into a new driving force for industrial green and low-carbon transformation from three aspects: consolidating the data base, accelerating digital transformation and cultivating application scenarios.
Chen Sheng, President of China real estate data research institute, told the Huaxia times: "for all industries under the 3060 double carbon target, including industry, energy, construction and power, the key is to clarify the corresponding 'carbon efficiency code'." he said that whether there is a low-carbon and negative carbon production mode that can be applied to industry, construction, construction and other industries is the key difficulty, We should quickly give the standard guidelines for the standardization of the whole industry.
Increase the proportion of clean energy consumption
Energy is not only an important material basis for economic and social development, but also the main source of carbon emissions. However, China is in a state of partial coal in energy structure and low energy efficiency.
Therefore, the plan puts forward the key task of accelerating the low-carbon transformation of energy consumption. Strive to improve energy efficiency, build a clean, efficient and low-carbon industrial energy consumption structure, take energy conservation, carbon reduction and efficiency enhancement as the key measure to control carbon dioxide emissions in the industrial field, and continuously improve the low-carbon level of energy consumption.
It is worth noting that the plan specifies to increase the proportion of clean energy consumption and encourage the application of alternative energy such as hydrogen energy, biofuels and waste derived fuels in steel, cement, chemical and other industries. Strictly control coal consumption in major coal consuming industries such as iron and steel, coal chemical industry and cement, and encourage new construction, reconstruction and expansion projects in conditional areas to reduce and replace coal consumption. Improve the electrification level of industrial terminal energy consumption, and accelerate the promotion and application of electric kilns, electric boilers and electric power equipment in qualified industries and regions.
Lin Boqiang, President of China Energy Policy Research Institute, told Huaxia times: "The first step to increase the proportion of clean energy consumption is to improve the electrification level of industrial terminal energy consumption, gradually use wind power, photovoltaic hydrogen energy, etc., and gradually increase the proportion of clean energy while reducing the proportion of coal. In addition, in the process of deep decarbonization, it is inconvenient to use other clean energy in some places, so hydrogen energy can be used instead."
Why should we improve the electrification level first? Lin Boqiang further explained: "Iron and steel, cement, chemical industry and other industries are faced with the cost problem caused by the use of clean energy. These industries consume high energy and the industrial added value is not high. It is often necessary to control the cost to improve their competitiveness. If the cost of clean energy is too high, its competitiveness will decline. Therefore, it is more important to improve the electrification level of these industries before considering the cost of the industry It is important to gradually increase the proportion of wind power photovoltaic and move closer to clean energy. This is one process after another. It is unlikely to use wind power photovoltaic directly. "
In addition, the plan We will also improve energy efficiency, accelerate the innovation and application of energy-saving technology and equipment in key energy consuming industries, and continue to promote the optimization of energy systems in typical process industries. We will promote the energy-saving transformation of key energy consuming equipment systems such as industrial kilns, boilers, motors, pumps, fans and compressors. We will reduce the energy consumption of value-added industrial units above Designated Size by 13.5% and focus on crude steel, cement and ethylene The unit consumption of industrial products has reached the world advanced level.