In life, there are plastic figures in many places. Packaging for food takeout, shopping bags everywhere... OECD data show that the global consumption of plastic products in 2019 will be about 460 million tons, double compared with 20 years ago. The amount of plastic waste has almost doubled, exceeding 350 million tons, of which less than 10% has been recycled. It is urgent to prevent plastic pollution.
In the context of dual carbon, plastic reduction in life is to reduce the burden of the earth. China has implemented the "plastic restriction order" as early as 2008 to stimulate the public's environmental awareness and reduce the use of plastic products by increasing the use cost. Some people think that the method of plastic reduction from the source is to use degradable materials. At present, there are many kinds of degradable materials on the market, such as environment-friendly aluminum foil, degradable wheat straw, paper, or corn starch synthesis. In this regard, some experts pointed out that "using bio based materials to produce plastics, the current potential of bio based substitutes for traditional plastics has exceeded 90%. Although the cost of bio based plastics is still high at present, the cost of bio based plastics can be greatly reduced by synthesizing starch first and then starch."
In order to achieve comprehensive plastic reduction, all parties need to make concerted efforts. In 2021, the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Ecology and Environment issued the "Fourteenth Five Year Plan" Action Plan for Plastic Pollution Control, pointing out that the production of ultra-thin plastic shopping bags with a thickness of less than 0.025 mm, polyethylene agricultural film with a thickness of less than 0.01 mm, daily chemical products containing plastic beads and other products harmful to the environment and human health is prohibited.
Another example is to reduce the excessive packaging of goods, improve the degree of material homogeneity and the recyclability of products, so as to facilitate the recycling and reuse of plastic products after use. In terms of the recycling of non-woven fabric bags, the China Industrial Textiles Association began to cooperate with the takeout platform to explore the recycling of non-woven fabric bags, and tried to cooperate with stores for recycling; In the recycling link, the recycled plastic lunch boxes will be broken, cleaned and rebuilt to realize the "rebirth" of takeout lunch boxes.
Of course, the implementation of plastic reduction in our lives is a very specific behavior. First, we should reduce the use of plastic products. For example, when shopping in supermarkets or vegetable markets, we should use more environment-friendly bags and vegetable baskets, and try to avoid using disposable plastic bags; Reduce the use of disposable tableware when eating out; You can bring your own drinking cup to reduce the use of disposable bottled water. Secondly, do a good job in the classification of plastic waste. The used plastic waste should not be thrown randomly, and should be sorted for recycling. Proper classification can turn waste into treasure so as not to endanger the ecological environment. Finally, reuse the plastic products under reasonable premise to improve the use efficiency and reduce the consumption of plastic products.
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