(3) Basic research is the key to further promote the chemical and biological cycle. Europe's good performance in this regard shows the potential to bring new technologies to the market. The data of recent 10 years (2010-2019) show that chemical and biological recovery technologies rely more on basic research than other recovery technologies. During this period, nearly 20% of innovative technologies (patents) came from universities and public research institutions. In this field, Europe has become the only important innovation center with 29% contribution; The United States and Japan are slightly inferior to Europe with 29% and 11% (slightly lower than 36% and 17% of the total patents of their related technologies).
(4) Bioplastics provide substitutes for traditional fossil materials.
(5) The rapid emergence of technology has made possible the new design of durable plastic materials.