Achieving carbon peak and carbon neutralization is a tough battle, which can never be won easily; Only by respecting the law, seeking truth from facts, proceeding from reality and scientifically grasping the work rhythm, can the green and low-carbon transformation be stable and far-reaching
"China will enhance its national independent contribution, adopt more effective policies and measures, strive to reach the peak of carbon dioxide emissions by 2030 and strive to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060." on September 22, 2020, the president announced to the international community at the general debate of the 75th United Nations General Assembly.
Over the past year, "carbon peaking and carbon neutralization" has become a hot word widely concerned by all sectors of society. As the largest developing country in the world, China's ambition and positive action to control greenhouse gas emissions have been widely praised by the international community.
The central economic work conference listed "doing a good job in carbon peaking and carbon neutralization" as one of the eight key tasks to be done well this year. Since this year, the central and local governments have actively promoted the work related to carbon peaking and carbon neutralization. Recently, China issued the opinions on completely, accurately and comprehensively implementing the new development concept and doing a good job in carbon neutralization of carbon peak and the action plan for carbon peak before 2030. On July 16, the online trading of the national carbon emission trading market was officially launched, and the world's largest carbon market opened. By the end of October, the installed capacity of non fossil energy power generation in China had reached 1.06 billion kw, a year-on-year increase of 17.1%, equivalent to the installed capacity of more than 40 Three Gorges power stations, accounting for 45.8% of the total installed capacity of power generation in China, a year-on-year increase of 3.2 percentage points.
While seeing the achievements, we should also realize that achieving carbon peak and carbon neutralization is a hard battle, which can not be won easily. As a developing country, China's unbalanced and insufficient development is still prominent. The energy structure is dominated by coal. To significantly reduce the proportion of coal consumption in a short time, we still need to overcome many difficulties. China's per capita GDP and per capita carbon emissions at the peak of carbon will be significantly lower than those in developed countries; Compared with many developed countries, the time from carbon peak to carbon neutralization in China will be shortened by decades. This means that the difficulty and intensity of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emission reduction in China are much greater than those in developed countries.
Realizing carbon peak and carbon neutralization is a major strategic decision made by the Party Central Committee after careful consideration. It is related to the sustainable development of the Chinese nation and the construction of a community with a shared future for mankind. Actively addressing climate change and firmly holding the "bull nose" of carbon reduction can force the transformation and upgrading of economic structure, energy structure and industrial structure. It is neither slow nor urgent to fight the hard battle of carbon peak and carbon neutralization. Only by respecting the law, seeking truth from facts, proceeding from reality and scientifically grasping the work rhythm, can the green and low-carbon transformation be stable and far-reaching.
Achieving carbon peak and carbon neutralization is a broad and profound systematic change in economy and society. We should adhere to systematic thinking and systematic governance, deal with the relationship between development and emission reduction, overall and local, short-term and medium and long-term in an overall and orderly manner, and deal with the relationship between pollution reduction and carbon reduction and energy security, industrial chain and supply chain security. We should effectively integrate carbon peak and carbon neutralization into the overall layout of ecological civilization construction, integrate into the medium and long-term planning of economic and social development, and launch targeted policies and measures around supporting the R & D and promotion of green and low-carbon technologies, improving the green and low-carbon policy system, and improving the system of laws, regulations and standards.
The road is blocked and long, and the line is coming; If you keep going, you can expect the future. The general secretary pointed out that "during the 14th Five Year Plan period, China's ecological civilization construction has entered a key period in which carbon reduction is the key strategic direction, promoting the synergy of pollution and carbon reduction, promoting the comprehensive green transformation of economic and social development, and realizing the improvement of ecological environment quality from quantitative change to qualitative change." we have made great efforts to promote the construction of ecological civilization and do a good job in carbon peak Carbon neutralization work, promote high-quality economic development with high-level protection of the ecological environment, we will be able to achieve the goal of carbon peak and carbon neutralization as scheduled, and make the home of harmonious coexistence between man and nature more and more beautiful.