The emission of major pollutants continued to decline, and the average concentration of fine particles in prefecture level and above cities decreased by 9.1%; The installed capacity of renewable energy power generation exceeded 1 billion kw; The first batch of national parks were officially established; The ten-year ban on fishing in the Yangtze River has been fully implemented... In the past year, China's ecological civilization has made rapid and steady progress, stepping on the stone and leaving a mark. Delegates and members attending the two sessions praised that the increasingly broad blue sky, clear water and pure land make people feel full of happiness.
In the new year, how to strengthen the comprehensive management of ecological environment? How to continue to take the path of green development? On behalf of the committee members, they enthusiastically offered suggestions and looked forward to adding color to the picture of beautiful China.
Environmental pollution not only affects the sustainable development of economy and society, but also the suffering and pain of people's livelihood. Only by fighting the tough battle of pollution prevention and control and solving the prominent problems strongly reflected by the people, such as air pollution and black and smelly water bodies, can we plant an ecological background for high-quality development.
"At that time, people evaluated the life in the village as' living in a villa, sucking lime and driving a car smelling '!" Hou Erhe, deputy to the National People's Congress and party secretary of Baisha village, Shucun Town, Wu'an city, Hebei Province, recalled the previous situation and expressed a lot of emotion. The villagers suffered from the pollution of the coking plant in Shizi village, but it also made Shizhi village rich. Now, Baisha village has built a green and environment-friendly high activity calcium oxide production line on the original site of the abandoned mine, and has greening thousands of acres of barren mountains around the village with film covering technology. Baisha village, once filled with smoke and dust, has regained its beautiful appearance.
Honghu Lake is not only the largest lake in Hubei rich in fish and rice, but also an important ecological barrier for the land of Jingchu. It also shoulders the important responsibility of flood control safety in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. "In recent years, Hubei has continued to carry out the" five water co governance "clean water action in the Honghu basin, and actively promoted the" Qinghe canal "," black and odor removal "," sewage interception "and" heavy restoration "in the basin." LV Wenyan, deputy to the National People's Congress and Secretary of the Party group and director of the Hubei Provincial Department of ecological environment, said that as an important production base of grain, oil, livestock, poultry and aquatic products, the control of agricultural and rural non-point source pollution is very important. Hubei will continue to strengthen the promotion and support of ecological agriculture, clean agriculture and modern agriculture in the basin.
"At present, the safety of rural water supply can not be fully guaranteed, one of the important reasons is the destruction or pollution of ecological water systems." Li Yuncai, member of the CPPCC National Committee and former inspector of Hunan supply and marketing cooperatives, suggested strengthening the construction of smart water conservancy, establishing a high-quality and efficient rural water supply guarantee system and long-term management mechanism, effectively preventing and controlling rural groundwater pollution, strengthening the protection of water source ecological areas, and conserving and making full use of high-quality water sources.
Ecology is a unified natural system and an interdependent and closely related organic chain. Therefore, the protection of ecology needs systematic thinking, adhere to the national game of chess, and adhere to the integrated protection and systematic management of mountains, rivers, forests, fields, lakes, grass and sand.
In 2021, Sanjiangyuan, giant panda, Amur tiger and leopard, Hainan tropical rain forest and Wuyishan National Park were officially established, and China's construction of nature reserve system with national parks as the main body entered a new stage. According to min Qingwen, member of the National Committee of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference and researcher of the Institute of Geographical Sciences and resources of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, local residents in the National Park have formed national culture, folk culture and agricultural culture with significant regional characteristics in their long-term production and life, showing obvious cultural diversity, and most of them have ecological and environmental protection The ecological and cultural connotation of sustainable utilization of resources is an important aspect that can not be ignored in the construction of national parks and nature reserves.
As the mother river of the Chinese nation, the protection and management of the Yangtze River is of great significance. "The degradation trend of biodiversity in the Yangtze River has been initially curbed, and the frequency of flagship species of Yangtze finless porpoises has increased." Zhong Zhiyu, member of the CPPCC National Committee and chief engineer of the Yangtze River Water Conservancy Commission of the Ministry of water resources, suggested that we should improve the water ecological environment monitoring network system, strengthen the collaborative monitoring of hydrology, water quality and water ecology, establish and improve the water ecological environment monitoring information platform and sharing mechanism, regularly carry out the water ecological health evaluation of rivers and lakes in river basins, issue health reports and strengthen public supervision.
As China's first national law on the protection of specific river basins, the Yangtze River Protection Law has been officially implemented for one year. Members of the National Committee of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference Li Shenglong, vice president of Chongqing Higher People's court, told reporters: "The Chongqing court issued sentencing guidelines for illegal fishing crimes, issued 10 opinions on service guarantee 'ten-year fishing ban', implemented the Yangtze River Protection Law, strengthened judicial cooperation on environmental resources in the Yangtze River economic belt and Chengdu Chongqing region, established cross regional circuit courts, and jointly built an ecological protection base for cross provincial judicial cooperation, so as to speed up the construction of an important ecological barrier and beautiful scenery in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River Judicial Services and guarantees have been provided. "
Riverside Bay is connected with wetland. As an important "carbon storage" and "carbon absorber", the ecological significance of wetland protection should not be underestimated. Jiang Hesheng, member of the CPPCC National Committee and director of the Oceanic Administration of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, suggested to further strengthen the protection and construction of wetlands, broaden the sources and scope of funds for mangrove protection and restoration projects, constantly improve the professionalism of mangrove afforestation design and construction, strengthen the governance of key Gulf systems and the protection and restoration of coastal wetland systems, and pay close attention to wetland protection and restoration.
In recent years, the concept of "green water and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains" has been deeply rooted in the hearts of the people, and the goal of "double carbon" clearly guides the pace of reducing pollution and carbon. At the two sessions, there were more and more discussions on hot words such as "green transformation" and "low-carbon development". The representatives and members actively offered suggestions and suggestions on industrial transformation, ecological economy, carbon emission and carbon trading mechanism.
Iron and steel industry is an important basic industry of China's national economy and an important field to realize green and low-carbon development. Representative LV Wenyan suggested to further optimize the layout of the iron and steel industry, comprehensively promote the construction of intelligent energy optimization system in the plant area, enable energy conservation and carbon reduction through fine management, actively develop new low-carbon smelting processes, and strengthen the R & D and application of low-carbon smelting technologies such as hydrogen energy smelting, non blast furnace ironmaking and carbon capture, utilization and storage.
Soil organic matter is the key component and fertility basis of soil, which constitutes a huge organic carbon pool and plays an important role in regulating the climate. Enhancing soil carbon sequestration potential is of great significance to promote carbon neutralization and sustainable agricultural development. Xie deti, deputy to the National People's Congress and professor of the school of resources and environment of Southwest University, suggested to formulate technical standards and procedures for agricultural carbon reduction and sequestration, establish a professional research platform for agricultural carbon neutralization, include soil carbon sequestration in the basic framework of China's carbon emission trading, strengthen coordination with forest carbon sequestration and other markets, and establish a soil carbon sequestration market trading Carbon tax collection and ecological compensation are new mechanisms to promote soil carbon sequestration.
He is a member of the National Committee of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference Liu Weichang, President of Shuguang school, Feixiang District, Handan City, Hebei Province: "Only by staying in the green mountains can we win the future. It is suggested that more villages should explore the ecological economy according to local conditions, promote the development of agriculture towards cleaner production, waste recycling and ecological industrial model, make use of the advantages of a good ecological environment, actively develop the health industry and organic food, promote the ecological industrialization, make the rural life richer and better, and make the green industry develop The exhibition will benefit more people. "
Nowadays, green and low-carbon has become the lifestyle of more and more people. Lin Shaoqun, deputy to the National People's Congress and deputy leader of the environmental health management and service management brigade of Gangbei District, Guigang City, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, suggested to continue to strengthen environmental publicity and education, improve the environmental awareness of the whole society, do a good job in waste classification and water resources recycling from the source, and advocate green and low-carbon travel.